As the abolitionist movement escalated throughout the 1850s
Frances E. Harper was one such individual enrolled in the latter abolitionist movement. Not only was she focused on the demise of slavery, but other social spheres and causes and well. In her many decades as an African-American advocate, she not only called for civil rights and freedom, but more available forms of education, women’s suffrage rights, and prohibition. She practiced her advocacy not only in public arenas and articles, but poetry as well. In her poetic work, “Bury Me in a "But not in a land where men are slaves...."
"But not in a land where men are slaves...."
In one of her many other writings, The Colored People in
At the same time, the equally prominent abolitionist Martin R. Delany too was fighting for similar yet also differing ideals in African American freedom. To state it lightly, Delany was a true intellectual, capable of excelling in nearly ever field he entered or studied. As a gifted writer, orator, editor, and student of medicine, he did much to advance the perception that African Americans could succeed and excel when given the opportunity to do so. His black/abolition oriented paper, The Mystery, further spread his word and ideology to a far wider audience. In the Civil War, Delany overcame incredible racial and political odds to rise to the rank of major in the Union Army. For such efforts, Abraham Lincoln would write to Secretary of War Edwin Stanton in February 1865: "Do not fail to meet this extraordinary and intelligent black man." Despite such courteous words, Delany's plea to Stanton to more actively recruit black troops largely fell upon deaf ears. Nevertheless, he helped command the 52nd USCT and later vigorously worked with the Freedman's Bureau until his resignation from the Army in 1865.
Delany was one of the first great advocates of Black Nationalism in
Throughout his writings, Delany makes reference to